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What Is Bipolar Disorder?

A mental condition marked by mania and depression. Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a chronically recurring condition involving moods that swing between highs of mania and lows of depression.

The disorder most often starts in young adulthood, but also occurs in children and adolescents. Misdiagnosis is common; the condition is typically confused with everything from attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder to schizophrenia to borderline personality disorder.


Bipolar I Disorder: defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. 

Bipolar II Disorder: defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described above.


Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

Causes of Bipolar Disorder

Treatments for Bipolar Disorder


 Recommended Articles: What Is Depression? Causes and symptoms of Depression

Article by: psychologist Sadia Javaid

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