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What Is Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizotypal personality disorder includes in cluster A personality disorder.Cluster A is called the odd, eccentric cluster.It consist of three personality disorders.
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Schizoid Personality Disorder
Schizotypal Personality Disorders

According To DSM 5
Schizotypal personality disorder is a personality disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of social and interpersonal deficits marked by acute discomfort with others. Individuals with this disorder are often suspicious and may have paranoid ideation. They are usually not able to negotiate the full range of affects.

Individuals with schizotypal personality disorder experience interpersonal relatedness as problematic and are uncomfortable relating to other people. They may express unhappiness about their lack of relationships. As a result, they have no or few close friends or confidants other than a first- degree relative.

They are anxious in social situations. Their social anxiety does not easily abate, even when they spend more time in the setting, or become more familiar with the other people, because their anxiety tends to be associated with suspiciousness regarding others’ motivations. For example, when attending a dinner party, the individual with schizotypal personality disorder will not become more relaxed as time goes on, but rather may become increasingly tense and suspicious.

Diagnostic criteria According to DSM 5:
Schizotypal personality disorder beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five or more of the following;
  1. Odd beliefs or magical thinking that influences behavior and is inconsistent with subcultural norms. For example, superstitiouness, telepathy, or “sixth sense”.
  2. Unusual perceptual experiences, including bodily illusions.
  3. Odd thinking and speech.
  4. Suspiciousness or paranoid ideation.
  5. Ideas of reference ( excluding delusions of reference).
  6. Inappropriate or constricted affect.
  7. Behavior or appearance that is odd, or eccentric.
  8. Lack of close friends.
  9. Excessive social anxiety.
What Are The Symptoms Of Schizotypal Personality Disorder?
  • Being a loner and lacking close friends outside of the immediate family
  • Incorrect interpretation of events, such as a feeling that something which is actually harmless or inoffensive has a direct personal meaning
  • Peculiar, eccentric or unusual thinking, beliefs or mannerisms
  • Dressing in peculiar ways, such as appearing unkempt or wearing oddly matched clothes
  • Belief in special powers, such as mental telepathy or superstitions
  • Unusual perceptions, such as sensing an absent person's presence or having illusions
  • Persistent and excessive social anxiety
  • Peculiar style of speech, such as vague or unusual patterns of speaking, or rambling oddly during conversations
  • Suspicious or paranoid thoughts and constant doubts about the loyalty of others
  • Flat emotions or limited or inappropriate emotional responses
Complications
People with schizotypal personality disorder are at an increased risk of:
    Depression
    Anxiety
    Work, school, relationship and social problems
    Other personality disorders
    Problems with alcohol or drugs
    Suicide attempts
    Temporary psychotic episodes, usually in response to stress
    Schizophrenia

Written by: psychologist Sadia

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