Schizoid Personality Disorder (SPD)
What Is Schizoid Personality Disorder?
Schizoid personality disorder (SPD) is a personality disorder characterized by a detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of expression of emotions in interpersonal setting. A person with SPD has a tendency towards a solitary lifestyle, secretiveness, emotional coldness, and apathy.
Diagnostic criteria According to DSM 5:
Schizoid personality disorder beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four or more of the following;
- Neither desires nor enjoys close relationships.
- Has little interest in having sexual experiences.
- Lacks close friends.
- Shows emotional coldness.
- Takes pleasure in few, if any, activities.
- Almost chooses solitary activities.
Schizoid personality disorder affects men more often than women, and is more common in people who have close relatives with schizophrenia.
What Are the Symptoms of Schizoid Personality Disorder?
Most individuals diagnosed with SPD have trouble establishing personal relationships or expressing their feelings meaningfully. They may remain passive in the face. Their communication with other people remains meaningless.
- Loss of affect
It is characterized by at least four of the following criteria:
- Emotional coldness, detachment or reduced affect.
- Limited capacity to express either positive or negative emotions towards others.
- Consistent preference for solitary activities.
- Very few, if any, close friends or relationships, and a lack of desire for such.
- Indifference to either praise or criticism.
- Little interest in having sexual experiences with another person
- Taking pleasure in few, if any, activities.
- Indifference to social norms and conventions.
- Preoccupation with fantasy and introspection.
Medications are not usually recommended for schizoid personality disorder. However, be prescribed if the person also suffers from an associated psychological problem, such as depression or anxiety states associated with the disorder.
Individual therapy successfully used for schizoid personality disorder because Individual psychotherapy can gradually affect the formation of a true relationship between the patient and therapist. In this therapy, as a therapist-client relationship develops, a patient can start to reveal imaginary friendships and terrors of dependency.