Parenting Styles And Their Impact
1. Authoritarian Parenting!
“Authoritarian parents establish the rules and expect that children will follow them without exception.”
If children challenge the rules or ask why, they are usually told, “Because I said so.” Children are not usually given the reasons for the rules and there is little room for any negotiation. Authoritarian parents may use punishments instead of consequences.
Impact of Authoritarian Parenting Style:
Although children who grow up with authoritarian parents tend to follow rules much of the time, they may develop self-esteem problems. Sometimes children become hostile or aggressive as they may focus more on being angry at their parents for the punishment rather than learning how to make decisions and solve-problems.
2. Authoritative Parenting!
“The authoritative parenting style is often identified as the best style overall. Parents with this style of parenting listen to their children and provide warmth and support, but provide limits, expectations, and consequences for behavior.”
Impact of Authoritative Parenting Style:
Children raised with authoritative discipline tend to be happy and successful. They are often good at making decisions. They often grow up to be responsible adults who feel comfortable expressing their opinions. But Authoritative parents also have rules that children are expected to follow, however, they allow some exceptions to the rule. They often tell children the reasons for the rules and they are more willing to consider a child’s feelings when setting limits. They also use more positive consequences to reinforce good behaviors and may be more willing than authoritarian parents to use reward systems and praise.
3. Permissive Parenting!
“Which is characterized by emotional warmth.”
Permissive parents don't offer much discipline. There may be few consequences for misbehavior because parents have an attitude of "kids will be kids." Permissive parents may take on more of a friend role than a parent role. They may encourage their children to talk with them about their problems but may not discourage a lot of bad behaviors.
Impact of Permissive Parenting Style:
Kids who grow up with permissive parents tend to struggle academically. They may exhibit more behavioral problems as they will likely not appreciate authority and rules. They often have low self-esteem and may report a lot of sadness.
4. Uninvolved Parenting!
“Uninvolved parents tend to be neglectful.” They often do not meet their children’s basic needs and may expect children to raise themselves. Sometimes this is due to a parent’s mental health issues or substance abuse problems. They may also lack knowledge about parenting and child development or may feel overwhelmed by life’s other problems. Uninvolved parents tend to have little knowledge of what their children are doing.
Impact of Uninvolved Parenting Style:
Kids who grow up with uninvolved parents tend to lack self Esteem and they perform poorly academically. They also exhibit frequent behavior problems and rank low in happiness.